Traumatic Brain Injury
“No head injury is too severe to despair of, nor too trivial to ignore.” Hippocrates.
Traumatic brain injuries (“TBI”) and skull fractures are one of the most serious injuries a person can suffer. Not only are there significant medical expenses involved, the physical and emotional toll on both the injured person and their family and friends is profound. Memory, attention and personality can be changed forever following a serious brain injury.
Statistics show that there are approximately 1.5 million traumatic brain injuries reported annually. Of these reported brain injuries, over 50,000 are fatal and almost one-third (1/3) of the surviving victims have permanent, irreversible damage.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, approximately 1.5 million people a year suffer a TBI in the United States. Of these, 50,000 die, 235,000 are hospitalized, almost one-third (1/3) of the surviving victims have suffered permanent, irreversible damage. Governmental and insurance company studies reveal show that motor vehicle accidents are the leading cause of traumatic brain injuries. Falls account for approximately 28% of TBI’s in children ages 0 to 4 and adults 75 and older.
A TBI is often defined as an injury to the brain resulting from some trauma to the brain that can result in cognitive, physical, psychosocial dysfunction and/or diminished or altered states of consciousness. The brain, which is slightly more consistent than a bowl of gelatin, is surrounded by fluid basically floating within the skull. TBI’s can occur when:
1. An object strikes the head;
2. Penetration of the skull into the brain; or
3. Rapid acceleration/ deceleration or rotation of the head.
A TBI does not require a direct injury to the head. For example, many infants suffer a TBI as a result of being violently shaken (Shaken Baby Syndrome). Motor vehicle accidents can cause a traumatic brain injury even without the head striking anything within the vehicle, as the rapid acceleration of the head, such as when a vehicle is rear-ended, and its deceleration can cause the brain to strike the front or back of the skull, or both.
Symptoms from a TBI may include some or all of the following: loss of consciousness; dizziness; loss of balance; headaches; nausea and/or vomiting; blurred vision; drowsiness, confusion; tinnitus (ringing in the ears); disorientation; amnesia; memory loss; poor judgment; difficulty concentrating. There may be other symptoms as well.
If you or a loved one has sustained a traumatic brain injury due to the conduct of another person contact Lapin Law Offices for a free consultation.